Câu điều kiện hỗn hợp – Công thức, cách dùng, bài tập áp dụng

Như vậy là ở những bài viết chúng ta đã được tìm hiểu về các loại câu điều kiện loại 1, loại 2, loại 3. Bài viết hôm nay chúng tôi xin giới thiệu tới các bạn một dạng  đặc biệt của câu điều kiện đó là câu điều kiện hỗn hợp. Chúng ta hãy cùng tìm hiểu Câu điều kiện hỗn hợp– Công thức, cách dùng, bài tập áp dụng

Dạng 1: Câu điều kiện hỗn hợp loại 2-3

– Câu điều kiện 2-3 diễn tả một giả thiết trái với hiện tại nhưng kết quả thì trái với quá khứ.

Công thức- cấu trúc câu điều kiện hỗn hợp loại 2-3

  • If + S + V (quá khứ) , S + would + have + P.P

– Với câu điều kiện hỗn hợp loại 2-3 thì mệnh đề if là câu điều kiện loại 2, còn mệnh đề chính là câu điều kiện loại 3.

Ví dụ câu điều kiện hỗn hợp loại 2-3:

Ex 1:
If She had reviewed this page many times, She would have remembered this sentence.
( Nếu cô ấy đọc trang sách này nhiều lần thì cô ấy đã có thể nhớ được câu này)

câu điều kiện hỗn hợp
If She had reviewed this page many times, She would have remembered this sentence

Dạng 2. Câu điều kiện hỗn hợp 3-2

– Câu điều kiện 3-2 Diễn tả một giả thiết trái với quá khứ nhưng kết quả trái với hiện tại.

Công thức- cấu trúc câu điều kiện hỗn hợp loại 3-2

  • If + S + past perfect, S + Would/could/might…+V-inf

Example:
I He had bought an new car, He would leave the old one for me.
( Nếu anh ấy mua một chiếc xe hơi mới anh ấy sẽ để lại chiếc xe cũ kia cho tôi).

XEM THÊM

 

Bài tập câu điều kiện hỗn hợp

1. Có một lỗi sai trong mỗi câu. Đánh dấu lỗi sai và sửa lại thành câu đúng ngay bên phải.

Ví dụ:
If you helped me yesterday, we would have finished in time. had helped_____

_______________________________________________________________
I’m sorry. I wouldn’t have said it if I wasn’t so angry. _______________
If I were you, I wouldn’t have done it now. _______________
I can’t join you. But I could have gone with you later if you didn’t mind. _______________
I didn’t speak German. If I spoke German, we wouldn’t have got lost. _______________
If you hadn’t stayed with me last night, I would feel so frightened. _______________
Sam feels lonely. He would be happier if he had been married. _______________
Liz doesn’t want to apply for the job. But she would have got it if she tried it. _______________
The taxi driver didn’t know the address. I would have arrived on time if he knew it. _______________
They invited you to the party. They wouldn’t do it if they hadn’t wanted it. _______________
If I could live anywhere in the world in future, I would have chosen Provence. _______________

Đáp án:

I’m sorry. I wouldn’t have said it if I wasn’t so angry. hadn’t been
If I were you, I wouldn’t have done it now. wouldn’t do
I can’t join you. But I could have gone with you later if you didn’t mind. could go
I didn’t speak German. If I spoke German, we wouldn’t have got lost. had spoken
If you hadn’t stayed with me last night, I would feel so frightened. would have felt
Sam feels lonely. He would be happier if he had been married. was | were
Liz doesn’t want to apply for the job. But she would have got it if she tried it. would get
The taxi driver didn’t know the address. I would have arrived on time if he knew it. had known
They invited you to the party. They wouldn’t do it if they hadn’t wanted it. wouldn’t have done
If I could live anywhere in the world in future, I would have chosen Provence. would choose

2. Điền động từ trong ngoặc sử dụng câu điều kiện hỗn hợp

Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tenses.
1.- If you ________ (be) a professional basketball player, who
_________ (you/play) for?
2.- If he _________ (not study) now, he won’t have time later.
3.- If Susan had taken the map, she ________ (not get) lost.
4.- Where would you go on holiday if you _________
(can) choose?
5.- The teacher _________ (be) angry if you didn’t do
your homework.
6.- What _______ (you/ give) me if it were my birthday
tomorrow?
7.- If we recycle more, there _________ (not be) so
much rubbish.
8.- If they had something to eat, they __________ (not be) hungry.
9.- If we _________ (hear) the weather forecast, we wouldn’t have
gone to the beach.
10.- What _________ (you/buy) if you had a credit card?
11.- If they ________ (not hurry) up, they will miss the film.
12.- If the bus ________ (not arrive) soon, we’ll be late.
13.- If they had phoned me yesterday, I _________
(give) them the news.
14.- If I _________ (be) you, I wouldn’t eat so many
sweets.
15.- We’ll go for a walk unless it ________ (rain).
16.- If the North Pole ________ (melt), the water
would flow many cities.
17.- If we ________ (know) it was Paul’s birthday, we would have
sent him a card.
18.- If you play the music too loud, you _________ (wake up) the
neighbors.
19.- My father doesn’t feel happy unless he ________ (swim) every
day.
20.- If the river had frozen, my friends and I _________
(go) skating.
21.- If people used bikes instead of cars , there _______
(not be) so much pollution.
22.- If our team had scored another goal, we _________
(win) the championship.
23.- If the waiter __________ (not serve) us soon, we’ll
have to leave.
24.- We’ll have dinner outside in the garden, unless it __________
(be) too cold
25.- When you heat wax, it ________ (melt).

Đáp án:

ANSWER KEY
1.- were / would you play
2.- doesn’t study
3.- wouldn’t have got
4.- could
5.- wouldn’t be
6.- would you give
7.- won’t be
8.- wouldn’t be
9.- had heard
10.- would you buy
11.- don’t hurry
12.- doesn’t arrive
13.- would have given
14.- were
15.- rains
16.- melted
17.- had known
18.- will wake up
19.- swims
20.- would have gone
21.- wouldn’t be
22.- would have won
23.- doesn’t serve
24.- is
25.- melts

3. Hoàn thành những câu sau sử dụng từ trong ngoặc và câu điều kiện hỗn hợp

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets.

Example: If I see (see) her, I‘ll give (give) her the news.

  1. English is important in this job. If Isabel ………………………… (not speak) it, she

………………………… (not understand) most of our hotel guests.

  1. Tony misread the map. That’s why he got lost. If he ………………………… (read)

the map properly, he ………………………… (not get) lost.

  1. If you’re not using your old digital camera, why …………………………

(you/not sell) it? If I ………………………… (be) you, I …………………………

(advertise) it on the internet and sell it.

  1. You had the car key with you all the time, didn’t you?

Don’t be silly! If I ………………………… (have) the car key, I

………………………… (not ask) you for it right now, would I?

  1. If the weather ………………………… (not be) so miserable yesterday, we

………………………… (go) out fishing.

  1. I ………………………… (not bother) going out fishing tomorrow unless the

weather ………………………… (get) better.

  1. If I ………………………… (see) a lion in the middle of a city, I

………………………… (assume) it had escaped from the local zoo or a circus.

  1. Alex and Jennifer are happily married. If Alex ………………………… (not be)

such a kind person, Jennifer ………………………… (not want) to marry him.

  1. If I ………………………… (win) the lottery, I ………………………… (pinch)

myself to make sure I wasn’t dreaming.

  1. If you ………………………… (study) the map as you said you would the night

before, we ………………………… (not be) lost now.

  1. If he ………………………… (not study) English, he …………………………

(not find) the job he has now.

  1. If someone ………………………… (ring) the bell at four in the morning,

………………………… (you/answer) the door?

Đáp án:

  1. English is important in this job. If Isabel didn’t speak (not speak) it, she wouldn’t

understand (not understand) most of our hotel guests.

  1. Tony misread the map. That’s why he got lost. If he had read (read) the map

properly, he wouldn’t have got (not get) lost.

  1. If you’re not using your old digital camera, why don’t you sell (you/not sell) it? If I

were (be) you, I would advertise (advertise) it on the internet and sell it.

  1. You had the car key with you all the time, didn’t you?

Don’t be silly! If I had had (have) the car key, I wouldn’t be asking (not ask) you

for it right now, would I?

  1. If the weather hadn’t been (not be) so miserable yesterday, we would have gone

(go) out fishing.

  1. I won’t bother (not bother) going out fishing tomorrow unless the weather gets

(get) better.

  1. If I saw (see) a lion in the middle of a city, I would assume (assume) it had escaped

from the local zoo or a circus.

  1. Alex and Jennifer are happily married. If Alex hadn’t been (not be) such a kind

person, Jennifer wouldn’t have wanted (not want) to marry him.

  1. If I won (win) the lottery, I would pinch (pinch) myself to make sure I wasn’t

dreaming.

  1. If you had studied (study) the map as you said you would the night before, we

wouldn’t be (not be) lost now.

  1. If he hadn’t studied (not study) English, he wouldn’t have found (not find) the job

he has now.

  1. If someone rang (ring) the bell at four in the morning, would you answer

(you/answer) the door?

4. Hoàn thành các câu bên dưới sử dụng câu điều kiện hỗn hợp

Complete the sentences below with a third second mixed conditional.
1. Simon woke up early and is very sleepy now. If he (not/wake up) early, he
(not/be) sleepy now.
2. I am at home now because it started raining. If it (not/start) raining, I
(be) out.
3. The Spanish team didn’t train well at all, so they are not champions. If they (train) well,
they (be) champions.
4. I lost my job, so I need to look for work. If I (not/lose) my job, I
(not/need) to look for work.
5. James won the lottery, so he doesn’t need a job now. He (need) a job if he
(not/win) the lottery.
6. Alan had a serious argument with his friend Paul. They are no longer friends. If Alan
(not/argue) with Paul, they (still/be) friends now.
7. The meeting started late. I’m not at home yet. I (be) at home now if the meeting
(start) on time.
8. Mike failed his university exams so he needs to retake them. If he (pass) them, he
(not/need) to retake them.

Bài viết trên của chúng tôi với đã khái quát tất cả kiến thức liên quan cấu trúc câu điều kiện hỗn hợp – Công thức, cách dùng, bài tập áp dụng. Chúng tôi rất mong nhận được những đóng góp ý kiến quý báu từ quý thầy cô và các bạn học sinh sinh viên.

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